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Toxicological Profile on TiO2

- Titanium is the eighth most abundant element in the earths crust and consequently spontaneously enters the food chain to some degree.

- TiO2 is approved for use as a colorant in food, drugs, and cosmetics.

- A national cancer institute bio-assay concluded that titanium dioxide did not affect mortality and was not carcinogenic in rats and mice.

- The EPA's determination of safety for US population including infants and children that based on its low toxicity there is reasonable certainty that no harm will result from aggregate exposure to residues of titanium dioxide, includes all anticipated dietary and all other exposures.

- No international maximum residue limit levels have been established for titanium dioxide, used as a inert ingredient. (Protectant) in micro encapsulated formulations.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Why is TiO2 Titanium Dioxide used?

    * Titanium Dioxide (TiO2) is nano photo catalyst oxidizer in a thin film form, that when
    exposed to UV light sources even fluorescent style lights creates hydroxyl radicals and
    oxides with the input of moisture vapor, the ions release hydrogen peroxide as a
    disinfectant, VOC absorber, odor controller and pathogen destroyer.

    Is it harmful?

    * The EPA and test results world wide prove it harmless to humans, pets, and the
    environment when used as a protectant.

    How long will it work?

    * The TiO2 thin film when applied properly is a semi-permanent protectant has a service life
    of 1 to 2 years depending on the physical properties exposed to; but can be reapplied or
    lightly touched-up after a year of service.

    How do you clean surfaces after treatment?

    * TiO2 is more effective than chlorine and noxious chemicals are not required to clean;
    remember the surface is regenerating constantly and bacteria can not stick to the treated
    surface with out being destroyed. Simply water and natural additives, wiping with
    micro fiber cloths' will clean grime and residues.

    Can it be applied to high traffic and contact areas?

    * Yes; even carpets can be coated allowing for the control of microbes, mites, fleas, dirt,
    mold and other pathogens causing odors. Surfaces such as walls, entrance doors, tiles,
    restroom components, equipment, and furniture can be protected from bacterial exposure.

    How does it destroy bacterial microbes and viruses?

    * Most germicidal agents kill microbes by destroying DNA, some micro organisms have
    strong DNA. The TiO2 encapsulates the cell membranes with super oxides and the cells are
    killed and decomposes it. The photocatalytic process provides electron micro watts from the
    UV input providing strong radiation in nano particles, tearing the membranes apart with
    electron field charges from negative X positive.


Testing of TiO2

Testing of TiO2 by reliable laboratories and universities worldwide resulted in proof positives
for uses and processes involving Titanium Dioxide.

    U.S.A. Antimicrobial Test Laboratories
         Round Rock, TX

         Department of Energy - National Renewable Energy Laboratory
         Golden, CO

         Food Research Laboratories
         Tokyo, Japan

         University of Leeds

    Environmental Protection Agency
         40CFR Part 180
         OPP-300 632; FRL-5779-3
         RIN 2070 - AB79

    Titanium Dioxide; Exemption from the requirement of a Tolerance
         EPA Action Final Rule

    TYPES OF ORGANISMS AGAINST WHICH TiO2 has been shown to be active:

    Escherichia coli
    Pseudomonas stutzeri
    Seratia marcescens
    Staphylococcus aureus
    Clostridium perfringens spores
    Salmonella typhimurium
    Streptococcus mutans
    Lactobacillus acidophilus
    Streptococcus cricetus
    Streptococcus rattus
    Actinomyces viscosus
    Bascillas pumilus
    Streptococcus sobrinus
    Bacillis subtilis

    Yeast, Fungi
    Saccharomyces cerevisiae
    Candida albicans
    Hyphomonas polymorpha

    Phage Q
    Phage MS-2
    Poliovirus 1
    Lactobacillus phage PL-1

Some studies have shown that TiO2 is also active against cancerous cells.


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